Goodwill, A.M., Kemp, J.J. van der & Winter, J.M. (2013). Applied Geographical Profiling. In G.J.N. Bruinsma & D.L. Weisburd (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice (pp. 86-99). New York: Springer.
Abstract Geographical offender profiling (GP) is the practical application of various geographical, criminological, and psychological principles to typically estimate the most likely area of an offender’s home base (e.g., the offender’s residence) or anchor point (e.g., place of work or frequent activity) based on the location of their criminal activity (e.g., crime sites) (Rossmo, 2000). The output of a GP analysis can inform ongoing investigative strategy in several ways (Rossmo, 2000): suspect prioritization, patrol saturation, neighborhood canvasses, police information systems, and DNA searches, to name but a few (for further strategies used, see Knabe-Nicol & Alison, 2011). This entry aims to introduce the reader to the environmental criminological and psychological basis of geographical profiling, discuss state-of-the-art journey to crime (JTC) research, and advocate the further integration of routine activity theory into a geographical offender profiling framework.